What Is Aviation Jet Fuel Grade 54


Jet Propulsion Colonial Grade 54 (JP54) is an aviation fuel. During the refining process of JP54 only 15% of the crude oil is made up of the jet fuel and the rest of the grade is used for different products such as plastic.

The jet fuel powers gas turbine aircraft engines. It’s the most used low sulphur content kerosene worldwide. Colonial JP54 is similar to Jet A except the energy is 18.4 mj/kg compared to the 42.8 mj/kg of Jet A. There is also a slight difference in additives.

Aviation Kerosene standards are published as GOST–10227–86. The standard consists of different properties. JP54 is not a distillate like Gas oil or diesel, it’s a kerosene. It separates paraffin and gasolines in the refinery. It is not used by commercial jet lines and is not used by Military aircraft. Military grade jet fuel is delivered directly by the refineries since they require special additives.

Jet A specification fuel has been used in the United States since the 1950s and is usually not available outside the United States and a few Canadian airports such as Toronto and Vancouver, whereas Jet A-1 is the standard specification fuel used in the rest of the world other than the former Soviet states where TS-1 is the most common standard. Both Jet A and Jet A-1 have a flash point higher than 38 °C (100 °F), with an autoignition temperature of 210 °C (410 °F).

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